Ship recycling has become a hot international topic after the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted the Hong Kong International Convention in 2009 for the safe and environmentally sound recycling of ships. The Convention will take effect after it has been ratified by at least 15 states whose merchant fleet accounts for at least 40% of the gross tonnage of the world merchant fleet. Italy was one of the first five nations to have signed the Convention.
A ship has a high content of hazardous waste on board, such as asbestos, paints and resins, mineral oils, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), dioxins and furans. Pollutants may be released into the environment through demolition and are detrimental to the health of workers. The safety rules and regulations of an advanced selective waste collection and disposal system ensure safety for the environment and workers.
This approach requires the availability of appropriate facilities with certified quality, use of specific professional skills, and the proper management tools capable of handling even the most complex projects.
SGdP was the first shipyard entered in the Italian Register of Naval Demolishers on April 30, 2014 for ISO 30000:2009 Certification for Ship Recycling Management Systems, issued by RINA Classification Services. This certification was awarded to attest safe and environmentally sound ship recycling facilities.
At SGdP, the pursuit of high quality health, safety, security and environmental standards is regarded as an essential factor in client satisfaction and an unavoidable duty in respect of everybody. The environmental monitoring system provides for continuous control of surface water, sub-surface water, sedimentation, noise and atmospheric pollution (deposimeters and an air quality control unit).
The Ship Recycling Consortium is composed of SGdP, main player in the ship repair industry and Saipem, global leader in the oil & gas market. Collaboration between these two companies began in September 2012 with the aim of building a footprint in the ship breaking industry, also known as green ship dismantling. The Ship Recycling Consortium holds Integrated Environmental Authorization for activities related to the dismantling and recycling of the Costa Concordia and also has all the certification and authorization documents for the Health & Safety, Security,
Environment and Quality management systems (9000 / 14000 / 18000) of the two companies, in addition to ISO 30000:2009 certification for management of the dismantling and recycling processes of decommissioned ships (Ship Recycling Management).
The Port of Genoa is the only Mediterranean port equipped with a dedicated water treatment plant.
For more information: www.shiprecycling.it
The Ship Recycling Consortium’s project involving the dismantling and recycling of the Costa Concordia wreck is to be carried out in four distinct operational stages with a total duration of about 22 months. Depending on the various stages of the operation, the number of staff will range from 100 to 250.
The key objective of the project is to successfully complete the work and exert a minimal impact on the environment and the staff involved, while continuously monitoring and adopting systems aimed at limiting the environmental impact.
The dismantling activities are arranged in such a way to maximize the separation of the various types of waste materials and recovery operations, involving about 80% of the materials. It is estimated that about 50,000 tons of steel and metals from the Concordia wreck will be recyclable.
Highly trained technical personnel with experience in environmental protection, demolition projects, naval engineering, and waste management, are to be used when carrying out these activities.
After arriving at the wreck area, the Ship Recycling Consortium mapped out and submitted to public authorities a detailed Ship Recycling Plan that describes all of the activities provided for within the framework of the dismantling project. The Ship Recycling Plan also includes a detailed Waste Management Plan that outlines how to manage the various procedures (dismantling/recovery/reuse) for all the materials produced during the operations. The stages of the dismantling project for the Costa Concordia wreck are as follows:
Stage 1: Arrival of the Concordia and lightening
Stage 2: Transfer to the Molo ex Superbacino and dismantling of decks 14 to 2
Stage 3: Preparatory activities for transfer of the wreck to Dry Dock No. 4
Stage 4: Final dismantling operations
For more details, see: http://shiprecycling.it